Thursday, August 28, 2008

Singapore KTM station, interior views.

Interior of KTMB at Tanjung Pagar.





Wednesday, August 20, 2008

The fastest man in the world!

Faster than Bolt.

Tuesday, August 19, 2008

Dave Barry: Rolling with Beijing rock scene

BEIJING -- I was in the mood to have blood spurt from my ears, so I decided to take in the Beijing rock scene.

I went with some other Americans to a club called Star Live, which was presenting a rock show called Youth Party of China. When we arrived, the party consisted of maybe 150 youth of China, many wearing Beijing rock-n-roll-hipster attire, which features fedoras, shorts, long hair and ironic T-shirts. As you can imagine, our group, the Middle-Aged Tourist Party of America, blended smoothly into the scene, virtually unnoticed, like buffalo in a submarine.

There were five bands in the show: Bigger Bang, Guaili, The Scoff, Casino Demon and Candy Monster. When we arrived, Bigger Bang was onstage, performing in a cloud of smoke. I would describe their musical genre as deafening. Even the youth of China seemed reluctant to get too close to the speakers for fear the sound waves would liquefy their eyeballs.

We found tables toward the back, where we met up with David Borgonjon, a young Beijing resident and observer of the local rock scene. He gave us a brief but fascinating history of rock music in China, which I would happily pass along to you except I couldn't hear most of it. But from what I gathered, back in the '80s Beijing had an active and subversive rock movement, which was a big part of the 1989 Tiananmen Square protests. Since then, however, Beijing rock has become much less political and much more about self-expression.

''During the day,'' David said, "a surprising proportion of the bands operate fashion outlets.''
He said the hard-core rock audience in China is actually quite small, which is why most of the bands sing in English: They want to go international. The problem is, their English pronunciation is often not great, the result being that neither the Chinese-speaking audience nor the English-speaking audience can really understand the lyrics. (In other words, it's pretty much the same as our system.)

At one point, Bigger Bang was performing a song that sounded like this:
LEAD SINGER: Run! Run! Run! Run!
GUITARISTS: Run! Run! Run! Run!
LEAD SINGER: Run! Run! Run! Run!
GUITARISTS: Run! Run! Run! Run!

And so on. After a while I shouted to David, ''Are they singing `run'?''
''I have no idea,'' he shouted back.

Later on, another band -- Scoff, I think -- was performing a song, and one of the members of our party, sportswriter/author/international media conglomerate Mitch Albom, after listening intently for a while, said, ''I believe this one is called, '(Bad word that rhymes with "duck" the Postcard.' ''

So we all listened, and sure enough, on every chorus, the lead singer appeared to be shouting, with great passion and loudness, ''(Bad word) the postcard!'' It was a catchy tune, and on the next chorus we Americans joined in, thrusting our fists into the air and shouting ''(Bad word) the postcard!'' We were crazy rockin' rebels, Beijing-style.
I am thinking of purchasing a fedora.

Anyway, we had a fine time at Youth Party of China. If any of these bands has an international breakthrough and appears in a city near you, I urge you to go hear them. Or, if the city is within 30 miles of your house, you can just stay home and hear them from there.
Speaking of bad words: This seems as good a time as any to inform you that the name of the subway stop next to my hotel is ``Dongsi Shitiao.''

The Beijing subway is modern and efficient. However, it also gets very crowded, and the riders use the entering-and-exiting system developed in New York City, wherein the instant the doors open, everybody getting off and everybody getting on tries to lunge through the same space at the same time, in clear violation of the laws of physics.

If you manage to get inside the train, you're generally packed in the middle of a dense mass of people, and although the stations are announced in Chinese and English, the names are unfamiliar, so you run the risk of missing your stop and getting off in, I don't know, Hong Kong.

But I continue to find that whenever I get lost, or have any problem whatsoever, six or seven enthusiastic young people in Olympic-volunteer polo shirts materialize out of thin air (OK, out of really thick air) and offer to help. They all seem to speak some English, and they get a kick out of it when I try to use my pathetically limited Chinese vocabulary (hello, thank you and beer).

The volunteers seem especially amused when I use the Chinese phrase for ''thank you.'' At least I've been assuming it means ``thank you.'' It occurs to me, based on their reaction, that maybe it means something else. I hope to God it does not involve a postcard.

BY DAVE BARRY

Bicycling...ll

some local forum links...
http://togoparts.com/forum/index.php#1
http://www.smbf.com.sg/forum/

A Guide to Cycling in Singapore
http://www.cycling.org.sg/links_cycling%20in%20singapore_files/cycling_in_singapore.htm#CyclinginSingapore

Monday, August 18, 2008

Bicycling...

Recently LT has a new hobby, and he keep sabotaging me unconciously with his new hobby about bicycle, so I got infected a little bit of that disease. (He will blame his brother instead).

Here are some of the informations that I found out from the internet about this new affection...
to make the information nearer to out ground, the infor are mainly from Singapore.

Addresses of bicycle shops at the North:
1. Hong Soon Seng Cycle
427 , Sembawang Rd Singapore 758394 (65) 67583939
2. Cheap John's Ent (Bike Shop)
598B , Sembawang Rd Singapore 758456 (65) 67537134 (65) 62573869
3. Woodland Teck Bee Trading
Blk 306 , Woodlands St 31 , #01-53Singapore 730306 (65) 63628096

***
Because riding styles and equipment have evolved to suit different terrain, deciding which bicycle is right for you will be easier if you know what type of terrain you intend to ride. A common misconception is that a new rider needs more suspension because of the added control. While the added suspension may instill confidence in some technical sections, often time the relaxed geometry is not suited to less experienced riders. On the other hand, it is just as hard to avoid the temptation of the ultra-light bike. The benefits of light weight are undeniable, but a novice rider will find XC racing bikes can be difficult to control when the trail gets rough.
XC Racing Bikes

Often called Cross Country bikes, XC Racing bikes are designed to tackle a mountain from the bottom. Lightweight and efficient, XC bikes often sacrifice comfort and control as luxuries you can’t afford when racing to the top. XC bike frames are either hardtail or short travel, semi-active suspension designs. Long and low, XC bikes put the rider in a stretched out position. Best suited to gradual terrain, XC racing bikes are popular in areas without a lot of rocks and roots and among competitive riders. If your idea of mountain biking is fitness and endurance you may want to consider a XC Racing bike. If you consider the best rider the one who made it to the top first, then your choice is made.
XC Trail Bikes

Often called all-purpose, XC Trail bikes are what most people think of when they hear the term “mountain bike”. XC Trail bikes are designed to climb with control and comfort and descend with speed. With active suspension, knobby tires and low gearing the XC trail bike is slightly less efficient than an XC Racing bike but can be more enjoyable to ride downhill. As terrain gets steeper, trails tend to get rockier and the ultra-light XC Racing bike may ride roughly, but the XC Trail bike is right at home. If you like the idea of challenging yourself on a rocky climb, enjoy extended singletrack descents and want to battle it out with your friends going uphill or down, an XC Trail bike may be for you.
All-Mountain Bikes

Some riders just need more. As adventures get longer and trails more remote, many riders see increased value in reliability and downhill control. The bigger tires, plush suspension and powerful brakes of the All-Mountain bike are an insurance policy against accidents and mishaps and can be just plain fun to ride. With geometry suited to steep terrain and small drop-offs All-Mountain bikes can inspire confidence, however, on more mild terrain they can feel sluggish. If you are an all-day adventurer or ride harsh trails you may be an All-Mountain rider.
Freeride Bikes

Freeride bikes are designed to ride the most extreme types of terrain. Steep chutes, large rocks and roots, big jumps and drop-offs, and just about anything else, natural or man-made, that you can imagine. With only the occasional concession made for even the thought of riding uphill, freeride bikes are mountain biking’s version of monster trucks. Blurring the line between bicycle and motorcycle, bikes with eight inches of rear wheel travel, three inch wide tires, and eight inch diameter brake rotors are commonplace. If you are attracted to the challenge of going big and see mountain biking as a source of individual expression, Freeriding will appeal to you. And what does any extreme athlete need? Well, a Saint to watch over him, of course.

Sunday, August 17, 2008

Morning run...

All the pictures are taken with my Nokia E51.
Some great views for the dawn...
...

a fisherman
friend...

misty view from beach towards land.

...

One big saucer..wondering what is it for @_@

Friday, August 15, 2008

Attending Lectures: Note Taking

Review and reading outline
Reviewing what has been taught in the previous lecture helps to get us ready for the one that is going to start.

This is the difficult part because most of us lack the discipline to do so. (I'm one of the guilty ones!) Spend some time before the lecture to read through the outline for the present lecture to mentally prepare yourself on what to expect. Believe me, it helps! :)

Make use of your listening skills
You should practice listening and writing at the same time so that you wouldn't miss the next point while trying to put the previous sentences in words. Try this practicing by copying down what the conversations while watching movie/TV dramas… this is one of the crazy things I do!

Summarizing what is said
I don't deny that you may miss out certain points by summarizing. It is of course preferable to copy what everything that the lecturer said but it is highly impossible to do so unless you have got super writing speed. Also summarizing aids in quick review in future it is easier to recall what you have summarized in your own words than the exact words of the lecturer.
By having the ability to summarize, you also show understanding of what he is trying to bring across. Always be a 'thinking' student! Copy intelligiently.

Headings and subheadings
Headings helps to organize the main ideas and subheadings helps to categorize the examples and supporting ideas. Always define you headings and suheadings properly and neatly.

Don't forget his examples
Never leave them out, those examples usually come from years of teaching experience and have been proven to be effective. They'll come in handy during examinations and you are likely to recall them more easily.
Come up with personal examples too. When I was doing a sociology module, I sat in the canteen and observe how guys and gals interact to come up with examples on interaction between genders.

Colour codes
Colour codes works like headings and subheadings but they help to bring out keywords and differentiate examples from facts more effective than just plain words.
Colour codes are more eye-catching and hence easier to recognize. For example you can have black for facts copied, blue for examples and red for additional points made by the lecturer.
One thing I noticed is that gals seem to be more creative when it comes to colour codes than guys 'cos guys usually only have 3 colours on their notes… blue, black and red.

Shorthand
You should develop you own system of shorthand and this will help quicken your writing pace and it saves mental effort. BUT make sure such shorthand has only one meaning…
Here are some possible ways of creating shorthand…
a. Leave out periods in standard abbreviations
cf = compare dept = department

b. Use the first syllable of a word
Cap = capitalLab = laboratory

c. Use first syllable and the first letter of the second syllable
Subj = subject Pres = presentation

d. Use letters of the word just enough to recognize the word
Info = information
Max = maximium
Diff = difference

e. Omit vowel
Ppt = Powerpoint
Gvt = government
Estmt = estimate

f. Use g for ing ending
Chkg = checking

g. Use apostrophe in place of letters
Cont'd = continued
Gov't = government

h. Use symbols
& = and
$ = money
w/o = without

Sitting close to the lecturer
This helps to keep your attention and avoid distraction from other people around you. Sitting near the front also helps you focus. In situations of very big lecture groups or rowdy lecture mates, it helps to stay close and focused to maximise your lecture experience. Sitting close to the lecturer also makes sure that we can hear clearly and of course it makes sure that we won't doze off… haha but you probably know by now that the best spot to doze off is rite under the lecturer's nose (my friend calls it the 'blind spot'!)

Having a positive attitude
You may not agree with what the lecturer said but don't just shut off. Listen to what he has to offer and jot down what you disagree with at the same time. Sometimes I get agitated when I do not agree with the lecturer and once I tried to rebut him mentally, I realized that I lost track of the main points he made. Finally, experience told me never to enter the lecture thinking that it is going to be boring; if u do the chances are it's going to be as boring as you expect it to be.

Paying close attention
I used to think that I can remember everything I hear during the lecture but I never do. Without processing what I hear, I find that I will forget what is said in a short while. Listen and not just hear was something my senior told me. And yes… listening involves paying close attention to what is said, forming ideas and remembering the facts.

Copying from transparencies & PowerPoint slides
What is displayed as part of the presentation is likely to be the essence of the entire lecture and what you are expected to know. So be 'kiasu' a bit, copy down everything that is written out by the lecturer especially if it is the 'fill in the blank' kind of lecture notes.
This is the perfect kind of notes… lots of information and very little copying!
Pay special attention to those lecturers who like to scribble on their transparencies. The things they scribble are a lot times, important concepts or information which have been left out of their lecture notes

Format of the notes
If your lecture notes are those 'fill in the blank' type, it does not mean that you need only to fill in the blanks. It is simply not enough!
Make sure that you leave ample space to add in extra points the lecturer made during lecture. Pay special attention to examples he or she presents.
If possible, keep some post-its in your bag so that you can add in notes while keeping your lecture notes neat. If you get one of those idealistic lecturer who believes that 'it's best to train the undergrads to be independent', you may one to use the format below. It's called the Cornell format.
The main idea in keeping such formats is to leave lots of space for reviews and you can also add in notes from textbooks.

Comparing and sharing notes
After lecture, it is best if you can compare and share what you have copied with your friends. This allows you to add in points you missed out (eg when u dozed off or busy chatting about the cute guy sitting at the last row or that babe who winked at you during tutorial just now) and at the same time clarify points that you are unclear with (eg when you didn't catch that foreign lecturer's accent).
Reviewing the notes immediately aids in transforming into long term memory.

- This article is syndicated content from Funkygrad.com. The writer, Jen, is studying Business at NUS. Also recommended is "Attending Lectures: Listening Skills ", by the same author.

Wednesday, August 13, 2008

Stocks

Some of the good stock are beaten up blue and black...in US they talk about Bull and Bear, in Singapore we Khaw Bear Khaw Bull.

In the watchlist:
CoscoCorp @ The principal activities of the Company are those of investment holding. The Group owns and operates ships. Its shipping-related businesses provide supporting services to the Cosco group, such as shipping agency services, ship repairs and container depots. The Group owns and develops property and engage in general trading.


Genting International @ The principal activities/core business of Genting International are: • Development and/or acquisitions of integrated resorts
• Casino operations
• International sales and marketing services
• IT application related services
Genting International is focused on and committed to grow its business globally through strategic acquisitions, investments and collaborations. The Group has casino properties under the brands of the Stanley Leisure group of casinos and Maxims and is developing Resorts World at Sentosa, Singapore’s integrated resort in Sentosa Island.

Yangzijiang @ The Group produces commercial vessels, including mini bulk carriers, bulk carriers, multi-purpose cargo vessels, containerships, chemical tankers, offshore supply vessels, rescue and salvage vessels and lifting vessels.
The Group’s existing shipyard, which is located in Jiangyin city in the Jiangsu province of China, spans approximately 719m of deep-water coastline and covers an area of approximately 200,000 sq m (excluding the coastal area).
The Group also has a new shipyard currently under construction, which is located within the Jiangyin Economic Development District in Jingjiang city in the Jiangsu province of China, on the northern bank of the Yangtze River upstream from the Jiangyin Changjiang Bridge. Upon completion, the new shipyard will have access to approximately 1,200m of deep-water coastlines suitable for the construction and mooring of vessels of up to 300,000 DWT and will cover an area of approximately 793,000 sq m. In addition, it will be equipped with a dry dock that will be approximately 440m long and 96m wide. Upon completion, the dry dock will be able to accommodate two 100,000 DWT vessels.

Seen in JB

Went to JB yesterday night to get the PAC code from Public Bank for ebanking of the bill paymant service for insurance fee...Left office earlier but still reach caught with the human traffic at Singapore Custom, later the people start to arrive and the custom filled with all heads...Waiting for SBS 170, to go JB...
get caught again at the waiting area, the black and white smoke from the buses had already killed thousand of my lung cell.

and here is the view from the overhead bridge connecting CitySquare to JB KTM.
a sea of motorbikes

Tuesday, August 12, 2008

Moving to new office this week.

Well, the lab here will be demolished for new owner. So we are force to move up to 3rd floor which will be sitting at my manager lab/office...
this denote another chapter of my life in this company.

well, got to adapt to new environment and peoples arounds.

Monday, August 11, 2008

Upcoming Genting Resort at Sentosa

Genting resort world at sentosa under construction,

expected to finish in 2010.

Gen Int now price at $0.54, is it a good price to load? But by study the chart formation, the trend is still going down, anyway, considering its type of business and steady management from malaysia, it should take flight once its in business...Maybe load up slowly.
Updated: 13th Aug 2008.
Current trend is moving down and there is no support line from the now price at $0.505 to $0.39 thus is it highly chance that it will goes back to $0.39 level.

View from Imbiah Station

View from the Sentosa Express train.


video


Sentosa Trip 08.08.2008

Company shut down...so plan a one day trip to Sentosa to try out the newly added programs (not really newly added, just that its new to us).

Took the Sentosa express for $3 each for adult and child, no special price for children.
We only played Magix 4D and CineBlast that cost $29 for adult and $17 for Child package. They both lasted only merely 20minutes.

The Skyride + LUGE cost for $27 for family package for 4 rides interchangable.
Here are some of the photo taken that day...




Wednesday, August 6, 2008

Numbers in a blood pressure reading

Blood pressure is "a measurement of the force applied against the walls of the arteries as the heart pumps blood through the body. The pressure is determined by the force and amount of blood pumped and the size and flexibility of the arteries." A reading consists of two numbers, for example: 112/77, which is read as "112 over 77."
The first number,
systolic blood pressure, measures the maximum pressure exerted as the heart contracts, while the lower number indicates diastolic pressure, a measurement taken between beats, when the heart is at rest.

According to high blood pressure guidelines from the American Heart Association (AHA), numbers under 140/90 and over 90/60 are generally considered normal in adults.
For greater accuracy, measure blood pressure while in a seated position with your arm at the same level as your heart, after you have been at rest for five minutes or more. Baselines vary considerably from one individual to the next.

Monday, August 4, 2008

Top 10 Tips for Hong Kong Disneyland

1 Do try to arrive right at the opening, and go deep into the park immediately to take a couple of the rides you're really looking forward to. This is standard advice for amusement parks, but it really paid off for us, as a couple of the Fantasyland rides we walked right onto first thing in the morning had hour-long queues just a little later.
2 Don't waste time taking photos with the characters that greet you at the gate as the park opens (see point 1!), unless getting such photos is one of your top priorities. If so, you're not reading the right set of tips. Okay, okay, I aim to please: if you're committed to posing with Mickey, have at it right away, although you'll have lots of company. You might also consider heading straight for the 'Fantasy Gardens' section of 'Fantasyland' when you arrive, where you can pose to your heart's content.

3 Don't bother trying to 'stick to a plan' for working your way through the park. It's so small you can change your mind anytime you want, and walk right across the place in five or ten minutes. This is actually a blessing if you've got small children in tow, and when you're off to get 'fastpasses', which we'll discuss next.

4 Do make use of the 'fastpass' system. A fastpass is a pre-booking you can make on any of five popular attractions. You put your park admission ticket into a machine, and are issued another ticket with a time range on it. During that period, you can turn up at the attraction and get right on it, ahead of the normal queue. You can only hold one fastpass at a time, and it has to have expired before you can get another one.

5 Don't bother tying up a fastpass on the Lion King stage show, though. Although those with fastpasses were indeed cordoned off into a 'special' waiting area when we visited, they were admitted into the show right along with us ordinary-queue proletarians in a single stampede.

6 Do take advantage of the 'Single riders' option at Space Mountain if you are a couple with small kids, or if you and your companions don't mind riding alone. Using this 'queue', Mrs Tall and I rode twice each and waited a total of about three minutes.

7 Do use sunscreen and wear hats if it's sunny. Sounds obvious, but although most waiting areas were at least partially shaded, on the day we visited there were still hundreds of painfully red faces and shoulders around, proving that some of us need little reminders.

8 Do buy orange juice. There are plastic bottles of fresh orange juice on sale all over the place for HKD15. That's not bad, given the general range of prices around the park, and it's delicious.

9 Don't expect to ride all the way around the park on the little train if the park's busy. The train has two stops: at the entrance, and at the opposite side of the park in Fantasyland. We found out that when the park gets crowded, you can only go from one stop to the next one, where you then have to get off.

10 Don't go crazy trying to get a good spot to see the fireworks. We saw people staking out positions to watch them almost an hour and a half in advance. This is surely not worth it. We waited till the last minute, and still were able to squeeze into the main plaza in front of the castle where the show is centered. We had a tree branch obscuring a bit of our view, but it was still fine.

Sunday, August 3, 2008

Morning run with L + Natas fair at Expo

Wake up at 6.40am, eat some Weetameal with Ayam Brand Tuna topping, went to dispose some yesterday toxic, having a cool morning bath....time 7.05am, get dress and msg L to see whether he was out or not, was "aeroplaned" 2 weeks ago, almost run myself ...so this time must test water first before heading to MRT meeting point.
The weather today was nice, no hot burning sun like 2 weeks ago.
Must run more in the morning. Good for health.
Go to makan roti telur bawang after the run to replenish some lost fat. Bad for health...have a cup of coffee cum some gossip.
Back home take shower and head to Expo Natas fair, that was one big fat liar exhibition fair.

All the quoted big bargain, price crashes, super offer are some big super big bullshit, none of them are the true offer...wasting my time, money and trust to those organiser.

Here is the prove...see below what stated here in the pic...
The highlight "THE ORGANISER IS NOT RESPONSIBLE OR LIABLE FOR ANY PRODUCTS AND SERVICES SOLD OR PROVIDED BY EXHIBITORS."

So now I will book the Hong Kong tour myself thru Zuji or otherwise...kanna con this time and this is my last time to the next "Nabeh" Fair.

Installation of Fanco 42" Ceiling fan. Bad service cum bad fan performance

Bought a Fanco brand, model F318 M5 42" ceiling fan from Kessler Home Furnishing at Causeway Point on 29th Jul 08, installation was done at 3.30pm on 2nd Aug 08. The fan was working fine until 9.30pm when it triggered power trip. This fan cost me $260 with installation and 3 lights. I found out later that this is very much overpriced.

Called Roy the saleman from Kessler to highlight the problem, I guessed he probably have an idea of this particular problem, the 1st question he asked was "is the light pulp is normal type or the power saving type?" It was the normal yellow round type with power rating of 40w, 3pcs needed for the fan.

He offered to ask the insallation guy to give me a call to verify the problem. He was very reluctant saying that it must be other source that triggered the trip rather than his installation work for the fan that trigger. But it was a very logical thinking that the fan was the only changes made yesterday, so far in 3 years, I have none power trip happened in this house except after the fan installed.

anyway, the problem was due to some unknown root cause which I think the guy also blur like sotong why there was electric leaking. His service was like shit that he don't bother to explain, i guess maybe he know shit about what happened or he like to sabo us to believe that his installation has no problem. Hell no...it was his lausy skills that causing my family surfered the 2 hours without electricity.

And some thought about the Fanco 42" fan, honestly speaking I am dissappointed by the performance of this 42" fan which you only feel the breexe when you sit directly underneath or else hardly feel any wind...the main reason I bought this fan is to substitude the 7 yrs old KDK table fan which in turn to replace the living room Philip table fan which was given to me by L few years back. I was so excited about the ceiling fan and with full of hopes that it would easily replace what it can do, but too bad to my expetation. Pui...

Will call Roy the saleman to complain the low level servicing work by his contractor.
will update the picture of the fan later...

Friday, August 1, 2008

Aromatherapy for sensitive nose.

Eucalyptus essential oil information
Eucalyptus essential oil is extracted from Eucalyptus globulus of the Myrtaceae family and is also known as Tasmanian blue gum or blue gum.
In aromatherapy, this essential oil helps to clear the mind and focus concentration, while reducing swelling in the mucus membranes. It is very valuable in fighting respiratory problems, fighting inflammation and sore muscles, rheumatism, headaches and nervous exhaustion, while boosting wound and ulcer healing and soothing skin eruptions.

Oil properties
Eucalyptus has a clear, sharp, fresh and very distinctive smell, is pale yellow in color and watery in viscosity.

Origin of eucalyptus oil
The Australian Blue-gum can sometimes reaches a height of 100 meters (300 feet), making it one of the highest trees in the world. There are over 500 species of Eucalyptus trees, with tough long and narrow blue-green leaves, creamy white flowers and smooth pale bark.
The 'eu' and 'kalypto' means 'well' and 'covered' in Greek, referring to the cup-like membrane that covers the flower bud, which is thrown off as the flower expands.
The Australian Aborigines calls it 'kino' and they use the leaves to cover serious wounds. Eucalyptus oil was introduced to Europe in 1788, and the first oil exported to England was called 'Sydney peppermint'. It was extracted from Eucalyptus peperita which is a more industrial type of oil.
The tree uses a lot of water while growing and has been used to clear water-logged land, draining the water from swamps where malaria mosquito may be found. The tree was thought to prevent malaria in the past, due to this draining action.

Extraction
Eucalyptus oil is extracted from the fresh or partially dried leaves and young twigs.
Chemical composition
The main chemical components of eucalyptus oil are a-pinene, b-pinene, a-phellandrene, 1,8-cineole, limonene, terpinen-4-ol, aromadendrene, epiglobulol, piperitone and globulol.

Precautions
Eucalyptus oil should be used with care and people with high blood pressure and epilepsy should avoid it. Excessive use of this oil may cause headaches.

Therapeutic properties
The therapeutic properties of eucalyptus oil are analgesic, anti-bacterial, anti-inflammatory, anti-neuralgic, anti-rheumatic, antiseptic, antispasmodic, antiviral, astringent, balsamic, cicatrisant, decongestant, deodorant, depurative, diuretic, expectorant, febrifuge, hypoglycaemic, rubefacient, stimulant, vermifuge and vulnerary.

Uses
Eucalyptus oil has a cooling and deodorizing effect on the body, helping with fevers, migraine and malaria. For the respiratory tract, it helps with coughs, asthma, throat infections, sinusitis and catarrhal conditions. It soothes inflammation and eases mucus, clearing the head from the stuffiness of colds and hay fever.
Eucalyptus oil is useful as a warming oil when used for muscular aches and pains, rheumatoid arthritis, sprains and poor circulation.
In skin care it can be used for burns, blisters, herpes, cuts, wounds, skin infections and insect bites. It can furthermore boost the immune system and is helpful in cases of chicken pox, colds, flu and measles.

Summary
Eucalyptus oil is very helpful when used for headaches, fevers, ailments of the respiratory tract, muscular aches and pains and in skin care. It has a soothing and calming effect on the whole body and helps with the immune system.

The oil is also effective against bacteria - especially staphylococci, and has a refreshing and stimulating action on the mind, helping to improve concentration.
Burners and vaporizers
In vapor therapy, eucalyptus oil may be used for: frequent sneezing, hay fever, flu, respiratory problems, as an insect repellant, headaches and for helping to improve concentration.
  • Blended massage oil or in the bath
    Eucalyptus oil can be used in blended massage oil, or diluted in the bath, to assist with arthritis, asthma, bronchitis, mucous congestion, colds, headaches, rheumatism, sinusitis, catarrh, fatigue and muscular aches and pains.
  • In a cream or lotion
    Apart from giving pain relief to muscular spasms and rheumatism, eucalyptus oil can also help speed up the healing of slow healing wounds and ulcers, calm skin eruptions and clear congested skin.
  • Used neat or dab on with a bud
    Eucalyptus oil can be used neat on the skin for insect bites or wounds, but care should be taken when doing so.
  • Gargle
    When very diluted eucalyptus oil is added to a gargle, so it can be used for soothing a sore throat.

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